Types Of Tense(English Grammar )

(English Grammar)

my sibling. I don’t think you have met him.

This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her some time recently?

Converse with a companion. Request that they help you.

You could go to a specialist. They may help you.

Subject pronouns

We utilize subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.English Grammar

You are late.

He is my companion

It is sprinkling

She is on vacation

We live in England.

They originate from London.

Caution

Keep in mind: English provisions dependably have a subject:

His dad has recently resigned. Was an instructor. > He was an instructor.

I’m sitting tight for my better half. Is late. > She is late.

On the off chance that there is no other subject we utilize it or there. We call this a fake subject.

Question pronouns

We utilize question pronouns:

• as the protest of the verb:

Could you help me please?

I can see you.

She doesn’t care for him.

I saw her around the local area today.

We saw them around the local area yesterday, however they didn’t see us.

• after relational words:English Grammar

She is sitting tight for me.

I’ll get it for you.

Offer it to him.

Why are you taking a gander at her?

Try not to take it from us.

I’ll address them

                                               (English Grammar)

 

English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late. > She is late.
Look at the time! Is half past two.> It’s half past two.

except for the imperative (see more)

Go away.
Play it again please.

If we have no other subject we use there or it.

there
We use there as a dummy subject with part of the verb be followed by a noun phrase. (see Clauses, sentences and phrases):

• to introduce a new topic:

There is a meeting this evening. It will start at seven.
There has been an accident. I hope no one is hurt.

• with numbers or quantities:

There was a lot of rain last night.English Grammar
There must have been more than five hundred in the audience.

• to say where something is:

There used to be a playground at the end of the street.
There are fairies at the bottom of the garden.
I wonder if there will be anyone at home.

• with an indefinite pronoun or expressions of quantity and the to-infinitive:

(English Grammar)

There is nothing to do in the village.
There was plenty to read in the apartment
There was nothing to watch on television.
There is a lot of work to do

If we want to show the subject of the to-infinitive we use for:

There is nothing for the children to do in the village.
There was plenty for us to read in the apartment
There was nothing for them to watch on television.
There is a lot of work for you to do.

• with an indefinite pronoun or expressions of quantity and an -ing verb:

There is someone waiting to see you.
There were a lot of people shouting and waving.

We use a singular verb if the noun phrase is singular:English Grammar

There is a meeting this evening. It will start at seven.
There was a lot of rain last night.
There is someone waiting to see you.

We use a plural verb if the noun phrase is plural:

There are more than twenty people waiting to see you.
There were some biscuits in the cupboard.
There were a lot of people shouting and waving.

It
We use it to talk about:

• times and dates:

It’s nearly one o’clock.
It’s my birthday.

• weather:

It’s raining.
It’s a lovely day.
It was getting cold.

(English Grammar)

• to give an opinion about a place:

It’s very cold in here.
It will be nice when we get home.
It’s very comfortable in my new apartment.

• to give an opinion followed by to-infinitive:

It’s nice to meet you.
It will be great to go on holiday.
It was interesting to meet your brother at last.English Grammar

• to give an opinion followed by an -ing verb:

It’s great living in Spain.
It’s awful driving in this heavy traffic.
It can be hard work looking after young children.

Using “it” to talk about people
We use it to talk about ourselves:

• on the telephone:

Hello. It’s George.

• when people cannot see us:

[Mary knocks on door] It’s me. It’s Mary.

We use it to talk about other people:

• when we point them out for the first time:

Look. It’s Sir Paul McCartney.
Who’s that? I think it’s John’s brother.

• when we cannot see them and we ask them for their name:

[telephone rings, we pick it up] Hello. Who is it?
[someone knocks on door. We say:] Who is it?

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