Present Tense, Past Tense & Future Tense

English Grammar Tenses (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

TENSE- PRESENT TENSE, PAST TENSE & FUTURE TENSE
TENSE
Tense means the time & state of action. In the English language history, there is only three types of tense. These tense tell us about the time of action in which the act has done.
KINDS OF TENSE: –
There are only three kinds of tense. These are-
1. PRESENT TENSE
2. PAST TENSE
3. FUTURE TENSE
TENSE- PRESENT TENSE, PAST TENSE & FUTURE TENSE
PRESENT TENSE: –
In this tense we know the action and time of act, which is done in just before.
It has also four kinds. These are-
• Present indefinite tense
• Present continuous tense
• Present perfect tense
• Present perfect continuous tense]

           English Grammar Tenses ( English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses
PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: -at last in the sentence comes “ta he,ti he, te he” etc.
HELPING VERB & MAIN VERB: – do/does, with v.i form+s/es
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+V.I+S/ES+OBJ (FOR ASSERTIVE)
• SUB+DO/DOES+NOT+V.I+OBJ (FOR NEGATIVE)
• DO/DOES+SUB+(NOT)+V. I+OBJ? (FOR Y/N TYPE INTEROGATIVE)
• WH WORD+DO/DOES+SUB+(NOT)+V. I+OBJ? (FOR WH TYPE INTEROGATIVE)

                    English Grammar Tenses (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: -At last of the sentence comes “raha he, rahi he, rahe he” etc.
HELPING VERB: – is/am/are with V.ing form

FORMULAS: –
• SUB+IS/AM/ARE+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+IS/AM/ARE+NOT+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• IS/AM/ARE+SUB+(NOT)+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type interrogative)
• WH WORD+ IS/AM/ARE+SUB+(NOT)+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
         English Grammar Tenses          (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: – at last of the sentence comes “chuka he, chuki he, chuke he” etc.
HELPING VERB: – used has/have with v.iii form
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+HAS/HAVE+V.III+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+HAS/HAVE+NOT+V.III+OBJ (for neg.)
• HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for wh type int.)

            English Grammar Tenses  (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: – at last of the sentence comes “raha he, rahi he, rahe he” etc. With the time from which the work is on progress.
HELPING VERB: – has been/have been with v.ing
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+HAS/HAVE BEEN+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+HAS/HAVE+NOT+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.)

         English Grammar Tenses     (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

TENSE- PRESENT TENSE, PAST TENSE & FUTURE TENSE
PAST TENSE
In this tense we know that the work has completed.
It has also four kinds. These are-
• PAST INDEFINITE TENSE
• PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
• PAST PERFECT TENSE
• PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

        English Grammar Tenses      (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

PAST INDEFINITE TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: – at last of the sentence comes “ta tha, ti thi, te the” etc.
HELPING VERB: – did with v.ii form
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+V.II+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+DID NOT+V.II+OB (for neg.)
• DID+SUB+(NOT)+V. II+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ DID+SUB+(NOT)+V. II+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: – at last of the sentence comes “raha tha, rahi thi, rahe the” etc.
HELPING VERB: -was/were with v.ing form

              English Grammar Tenses(English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

FORMULAS: –
• SUB+WAS/WERE+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+WAS/WERE+NOT+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• WAS/WERE+SUB+(NOT)+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ WAS/WERE+SUB+(NOT)+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
PAST PERFECT TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: -at last of the sentence comes “chuka tha, chuki thi, chuke the” etc.
HELPING VERB: – had with the v.iii form
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+HAD+V.III+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+HAD NOT+V.III+OBJ (for neg.)
• HAD+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ HAD+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE: –
INTERODUCTION: – at last comes “raha tha, rahi thi, rahe the” etc. With time
HELPING VERB: – had been with v.ing

              (English Grammar Tenses)

FORMULAS: –
• SUB+HAD BEEN+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+HAD+NOT+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• HAD+SUB+(NOT)+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ HAD+SUB+(NOT)+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.
TENSE- PRESENT TENSE, PAST TENSE & FUTURE TENSE)

              English Grammar Tenses(English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

FUTURE TENSE: –
This tense tells us that the work will be in the future.
It has also four types. These are-
• FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE
• FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
• FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE: –
IDENTIFICATION: – at last of the sentence comes “ga, gi, ge” etc.
HELPING VERB: -will/shall with v.i form

              English Grammar Tenses(English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

FORMULAS: –
• SUB+WILL/SHALL+V.I+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+WILL/SHALL+NOT+V.I+OBJ (for neg.)
• WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+V.I+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+V.I+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE: –
IDENTIFICATION: – at last of the sentence comes “raha hoga, rahi hogi, rahe honge” etc.
HELPING VERB: -will be/shall be with v.ing form
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+WILL/SHALL BE+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+WILL/SHALL+NOT+BE+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+BE+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+BE+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE: –
IDENTIFICATION: – at last of the sentence comes “chuka hoga, chuki hogi, chuke honge” etc.
HELPING VERB: -will/shall have with v.iii form

             English Grammar Tenses (English Grammar Tenses)English Grammar Tenses

FORMULAS: –
• SUB+WILL/SHALL HAVE+V.III+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+WILL/SHALL+NOT+HAVE+V.III+OBJ (for neg)
• WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for wh type int.)
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE: –
IDENTIFICATION: – at last of the sentence comes “raha hoga, rahi hogi, rahe honge” etc.with the time
HELPING VERB: -will/shall have been with v.ing form
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+WILL/SHALL HAVE BEEN+V.ING+OBJ+SINCE/FOR+TIME (for ass.)
• SUB+WILL/SHALL+NOT+HAVE BEEN+V.ING+OBJ+SINCE/FOR+TIME (for neg.)
• WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+HAVE BEEN+V.ING+OBJ+SINCE/FOR+TIME? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+ WILL/SHALL+SUB+(NOT)+HAVE BEEN+V.ING+OBJ+SINCE/FOR+TIME? (for \wh type int.)….

 

7 thoughts on “Present Tense, Past Tense & Future Tense

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *