Present Tense

                                                                             (Tenses)

Tenses         PRESENT TENSE    Tenses

 

TensesPRESENT INDEFINITE TENSETenses

 

INTERODUCTION: -at last in the sentence comes “ta he,ti he, te he” etc.
HELPING VERB & MAIN VERB: – do/does, with v.i form+s/es
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+V.I+S/ES+OBJ (FOR ASSERTIVE)
• SUB+DO/DOES+NOT+V.I+OBJ (FOR NEGATIVE)
• DO/DOES+SUB+(NOT)+V. I+OBJ? (FOR Y/N TYPE INTEROGATIVE)
• WH WORD+DO/DOES+SUB+(NOT)+V. I+OBJ? (FOR WH TYPE INTEROGATIVE)

 

TensesPRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSETenses

 

INTERODUCTION: At last of the sentence comes “raha he, rahi he, rahe he” etc.
HELPING VERB: – is/am/are with V.ing form

FORMULAS: –
• SUB+IS/AM/ARE+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+IS/AM/ARE+NOT+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• IS/AM/ARE+SUB+(NOT)+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type interrogative)
• WH WORD+ IS/AM/ARE+SUB+(NOT)+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.)

 

                                 TensesPRESENT PERFECT TENSETenses

 

INTERODUCTION: – at last of the sentence comes “chuka he, chuki he, chuke he” etc.
HELPING VERB: – used has/have with v.iii form
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+HAS/HAVE+V.III+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+HAS/HAVE+NOT+V.III+OBJ (for neg.)
• HAS/HAVE+SB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+V.III+OBJ? (for wh type int.)

 

 

TensesPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSETenses

INTERODUCTION: – at last of the sentence comes “raha he, rahi he, rahe he” etc. With the time from which the work is on progress.
HELPING VERB: – has been/have been with v.ing
FORMULAS: –
• SUB+HAS/HAVE BEEN+V.ING+OBJ (for ass.)
• SUB+HAS/HAVE+NOT+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ (for neg.)
• HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ? (for y/n type int.)
• WH WORD+HAS/HAVE+SUB+(NOT)+BEEN+V.ING+OBJ? (for wh type int.)